Many people suffer from Vascular Disease, a painful condition that affects the circulatory system. This can become a dangerous situation, but it also can be managed. Early detection is a key defense, as Vascular Disease is known as a silent killer, often going unnoticed until a person suffers a stroke, heart attack or renal failure.
Vascular Disease Management – Frequently Asked Questions
What is Vascular Disease?
The circulatory system is essential to life, pumping blood through arteries and veins to all parts of the body. Any condition that impairs the operation of this circulatory system is called Vascular Disease. This problem includes all diseases that occur within those arteries, veins and lymph vessels. It also includes any blood disorder that would affect blood circulation.
What Happens when there is Vascular Disease?
The heart is the primary engine of this system, pumping blood through a vast network of elastic vessels. When this system is disrupted in any fashion, it can be life-threatening. Arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart and the vein system returns that blood after delivery of that cargo to the body. When there is disruption, blockage by plaque or other damage in this system from injury, it causes pain and other symptoms.
What Conditions are included in this category?
There are many conditions that are considered to be types of Vascular Disease. They affect different parts of the body, but all affect the circulatory system.
- Peripheral Artery Disease – when fat and cholesterol plaque collects on inside walls of arteries outside the heart or brain, it reduces blood flow
- Aneurysm – when there is an abnormal bulge in a blood vessel; usually in the aorta leaving the heart; can increase plaque deposits or clot formation, pain as it presses on other organs or nerves, and if ruptured, the aneurysm can be deadly
- Renal Artery Disease – occurs when people have a generalized vascular disease, less frequently in younger persons, and often is a congenital birth defect affecting development of the renal arteries in the kidneys
- Pulmonary Arterial Disease – blood pressure increases in arteries that carry blood from heart to lungs; can also be caused by heart failure, lung disease or autoimmune disease
- Pulmonary Venous Disease – blood pressure increases in veins that carry blood away from lungs to the heart; can be caused by congestive heart failure or a damaged mitral valve in heart
- Pulmonary Embolism – Blood clot, air bubble or fat ball travels from a deep vein into right side of heart and into lungs
- Chronic Thromboembolic Disease – rare, a blood clot in lungs creates a reaction that slowly infects many blood vessels in the lungs, harms the pulmonary arterial system
What are Symptoms of Vascular Disease?
There are many indications of Vascular Disease, and they may vary according to the suddenness of the event process, the location of the affected pulmonary blood vessels and the amount of system affected. Each of these conditions has typical symptoms, including:
- Breathing Problems – shortness of breath
- Pain – chest pain or fainting upon exertion, leg pain or cramps
- Heart Rate – rapid heart rate
- Skin – change in color, ulcers or sores, gangrene, loss of limb
- Blood Vessels – wall aneurysm, breakage, plaque build-up, clots
What are the Risk Factors for Vascular Disease?
This disease is associated with a family history of Vascular Disease, but it can develop in anyone. Persons who are over age 50 may have a higher risk of the following conditions:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- History of smoking
- Prior heart surgery or disease
- Atrial Fibrillation
- Family History – heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, sudden cardiac arrest, vascular disease, high blood pressure, aneurysms
How is Vascular Disease diagnosed?
Screening tests help diagnose this disease. Testing for Peripheral Vascular Disease can be done in the doctor’s office on an exam table. A specialist applies blood pressure cuffs on each arm and the ankles. Using ultrasound, the pressure in each arm and ankle is measured.
Other tests to help diagnose Vascular Disease include:
- CT Scan – computed tomography uses multiple X-rays to reveal defects in a pulmonary artery and other problems that affect lungs.
- V/Q Scan – ventilation/perfusion scan – this is a nuclear medicine test to examine how efficiently the lungs fill up with air. This is compared to blood flow pictures to determine if there is a pulmonary embolism.
- Echocardiogram – records an ultrasound video of the heart beating. This can reveal conditions that contribute to pulmonary vascular disease, including congestive heart failure and heart valve disease.
- Catheterization of Right Heart – using a needle, a pressure sensor is inserted into a neck or groin vein and moved into the right heart and pulmonary artery to check for hypertension.
- Chest X-Ray – this may show contributing diseases or enlarged pulmonary arteries.
- Pulmonary Angiogram – with contrast dye injected into blood, these X-ray images of the chest show the pulmonary arterial system. Risk is higher than when a CT scan is done.
How is Vascular Disease treated?
Treatment of this condition can be achieved in several ways, including medical management. Some treatment procedures include catheter-based methods like balloon angioplasty and stents. Surgical therapy is another option and it can utilize both tradition techniques, laparoscopic and minimally invasive treatments.
Vascular Disease Attorney
There have been some lawsuits filed when complications were created by various medical treatments for coronary artery disease. If you have any concerns about Vascular Disease, treatment for these conditions, clinical trials or other legal matters related to this issue, contact an experienced Personal Injury Attorney who has handled similar cases. They will be able to advice you about your legal rights and any potential for legal actions you may be entitled to pursue.
If you believe you have been harmed by any aspect of treatment or discovery of this medical condition, take immediate action to address your concerns and obtain fair compensation for damage claims. If a loved one has died following treatment for Vascular Disease, you may also be able to seek monetary compensation for expenses you incurred, such as funeral or burial expenses, loss of consortium, future inheritance and other claims. Call now for a free consultation with our Personal Injury Attorney and get answers to all your legal questions about this issue.